Potassium

 

Like sodium, potassium helps to regulate the body's water balance, transmit nerve impulses, and trigger muscle contractions. Unlike sodium, however, it is not implicated in hypertensionin fact, it appears to reduce blood pressure.

 

Potassium is not overabundant in our diet. The average American consumes about 2500 milligrams per dayfar below the Food and Nutrition Board's (FNB's) official Adequate Intake of 4700 milligrams (5100 for women who are lactating). To reach that level, eat plenty of fresh fruits and vegetablesespecially bananas, potatoes, and oranges. Other good sources are milk products, peanut butter, and nuts.

 

Potassium, like sodium, can be toxic if taken in large amounts. Symptoms include irregular heartbeat and muscle paralysis.

 

Your Daily Allowance

 

Diet Power sets your Personal Daily Allowance (PDA) of potassium at the official Adequate Intake of 4700 milligrams, increased to 5100 milligrams if you're lactating.

 

Upper Limit

 

The FNB has not established a Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL) for potassium, but see the note about toxicity, above.

 

Revising Your Allowance

 

If your doctor recommends it, you can revise your PDA. See Personal Daily Allowances, Editing Your.

 

Color Coding of This Nutrient

 

The potassium bar in your personal Nutrient History is:

 

   image\diet0036.gif blue for "good" if you've logged 100 to 150 percent of your PDA

 

   image\diet0037.gif red for "bad" if you've logged less than 100 percent of your PDA

 

   image\diet0042.gif yellow for "caution" if you've logged more than 150 percent of your PDA

 

   image\diet0038.gif missing if you've logged no potassium.

 

In the nutrient profile of a food or recipe, the potassium bar is:

 

   image\diet0039.gif green for "good" if getting your entire PDA of calories from this item would give you more than 150 percent of your PDA of potassium

 

   image\diet0040.gif magenta for "bad" if getting all your calories from the item would give you less than 50 percent of your PDA of potassium

 

   image\diet0036.gif blue for "neutral" otherwise

 

   image\diet0038.gif missing if the amount of potassium is either zero or (when the word Potassium is grayed out) unknown.

 

How Complete Are Diet Power's Potassium Readings?

 

For the 8500 generic items in the Food Dictionary: very complete. Only 1 percent list their potassium content as "unknown."

 

For the 2500 chain-restaurant items: very incomplete. About 96 percent list potassium as "unknown."

 

For all 11,000 items combined: not terribly complete. About 21 percent list potassium as "unknown."

 

These figures mean that if you frequently log chain-restaurant foods (or user-added foods with missing potassium readings), your Nutrient History may under-report your intake of potassium by a few points.

 

To see whether a particular food has a potassium reading, open the Food Dictionary and check the food's nutrient profile. If you find a question mark beside "Potassium," it means the amount is unknown. (To see all foods with unknown potassium readings, click the dictionary's PowerFoods tab and sort the foods by potassium power; then scroll toward the bottom of the list until you see foods with question marks in the "Power Rating" column.)

 

Potassium on Food Labels

 

Food labels are not required to report potassium levels, but many do. They may cite the amount in milligrams or as a percentage of Daily Value.

 

The Daily Value for potassium is 3500 milligrams. (Why so much lower than the Adequate Intake? Because Daily Values are still based on the RDAs of 1968, when the government thought people needed less of that nutrient.) Daily Values aren't necessarily right for you, howeverthey are rough estimates meant to cover most of the U.S. population.

 

For more on label regulations, see Labels, Food.

 


 

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Last Modified: 3/11/04